Stage 1


Pilot Supplies and Books

To make sure you get the most out of your training, we offer “Kits” to help with your studies. View our “IFR Rating Kit


Instrument FAR Review

FAR Part 1   1. A ceiling is defined as the height above the earth’s surface of the lowest layer of clouds or obscuring phenomena that is reported as “broken”, “overcast”, or “obscured” and not classified as: scattered thin or partial partially scattered a surface-based obscuration 2.  From the cockpit of an aircraft in flight, […]

Instrument FAR Review Answers

  FAR Part 1   1. A ceiling is defined as the height above the earth’s surface of the lowest layer of clouds or obscuring phenomena that is reported as “broken”, “overcast”, or “obscured” and not classified as: scattered thin or partial partially scattered a surface-based obscuration 3. With respect to the operation of an […]

Stage 1 Checklist

Instrument Stage 1 Checklist

Pitot Static System

There are three gyroscopic instruments in your aircraft which are: the attitude indicator, heading indicator, and turn coordinator. The vacuum system powers the attitude indicator and the heading indicator. In case of a vacuum system failure, most turn coordinator’s are electric for a backup. The vacuum system draws air in through a filter assembly. The […]

Straight and Level

Monitor the altimeter, along with the VSI, to confirm you have set the correct pitch. These instruments suggest pitching down 1/2 bar width on the attitude indicator. Assuming you have set the pitch correctly to maintain altitude, monitor the airspeed indicator to confirm you have set the correct power. With this indication, try adding some […]

Landing Illusions

Situation Illusion Result Upsloping Runway or Terrain Greater Height Lower Approach Narrower-than-Usual Runway Greater Height Lower Approach Featureless Terrain Greater Height Lower Approach Rain on Windscreen Greater Height Lower Approach Haze Greater Height Lower Approach Downsloping Runway or Terrain Less Height Higher Approach Wider-than-Usual Runway Less Height Higher Approach Bright Runway and Approach Lights Less […]